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WebLogic Server (WLS) Support Pattern: Troubleshooting JMS Message Redelivery (Doc ID 1203246.1)

Last updated on SEPTEMBER 12, 2022

Applies to:

Oracle WebLogic Server - Version 6.1 and later
Information in this document applies to any platform.


There are two aspects to redelivery of JMS messages. One aspect deals with messages getting redelivered when not expected and the other aspect deals with messages not getting redelivered when they are expected.

Problem Description

JMS messages are getting redelivered to receiver/subscriber multiple times. Once the message arrives at the JMS destination, the JMS server tries to deliver it to the available consumer(s) and waits for the acknowledgement. For whatever reason, if the JMS server could not receive the message acknowledgement, the JMS server redelivers the message. From the JMS server perspective, the JMS message is not considered "delivered" unless the JMS message is acknowledged. Symptoms include:

Poison messages are messages that a receiver must reject. Typically, a message is rejected due to a problem with the message itself, but a message may also be rejected due to a temporary resource outage.

Problem Troubleshooting

Please note that not all of the following items would need to be done. Some issues can be solved by only following a few of the items.

Troubleshooting Steps

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In this Document
 Problem Description
 Problem Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting Steps
 Why does a JMS message get redelivered?
 Application Coding Diagnostics
 Checklist for Troubleshooting JMS Redelivery Problems
 Understanding JMS Message Redelivery Debug Info
 Transacted Sessions
 Container Managed Transaction (CMT)
 Bean Managed Transaction (BMT) or User Transaction
 Acknowledgment Modes
 Need further help?

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