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ORA-4031 During Startup Nomount using RMAN without parameter file (PFILE) (Doc ID 1176443.1)

Last updated on JANUARY 30, 2022

Applies to:

Oracle Database - Enterprise Edition - Version and later
Oracle Database Cloud Schema Service - Version N/A and later
Oracle Database Exadata Express Cloud Service - Version N/A and later
Oracle Database Exadata Cloud Machine - Version N/A and later
Oracle Cloud Infrastructure - Database Service - Version N/A and later
Information in this document applies to any platform.


RMAN startup nomount failed with ORA-4031

Customer was testing RMAN backup/restore in Exadata.
Customer firstly backup the database to tape and then remove all the datafiles, spfile, controlfiles for testing.
Then during the recover, customer connected RMAN with nocatalog and try to "startup nomount", then ORA-4031 occured.

==================== Log ========================
$ rman target / nocatalog

Recovery Manager: Release - Production on Thu Jul 8 20:45:10 2010
Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
connected to target database (not started)

RMAN> startup nomount

startup failed: ORA-01078: failure in processing system parameters
LRM-00109: could not open parameter file '/<PATH>/<INIT.ora>'

starting Oracle instance without parameter file for retrieval of spfile
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===============
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-03002: failure of startup command at 07/08/2010 20:45:19
RMAN-04014: startup failed: ORA-04031: unable to allocate 111264 bytes of shared memory ("shared pool","unknown object","sga heap(1,0)","KEWS sesstat values")


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