ORA-4031 During Startup Nomount using RMAN without parameter file (PFILE)
Last updated on DECEMBER 21, 2017
Applies to:Oracle Database - Enterprise Edition - Version 18.104.22.168 and later
Information in this document applies to any platform.
***Checked for relevance on 09-Oct-2014***
RMAN startup nomount failed with ORA-4031
Customer was testing RMAN backup/restore in Exadata.
Customer firstly backup the database to tape and then remove all the datafiles, spfile, controlfiles for testing.
Then during the recover, customer connected RMAN with nocatalog and try to "startup nomount", then ORA-4031 occured.
==================== Log ========================
$ export ORACLE_SID=TEST
$ rman target / nocatalog
Recovery Manager: Release 22.214.171.124.0 - Production on Thu Jul 8 20:45:10 2010
Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
connected to target database (not started)
RMAN> startup nomount
startup failed: ORA-01078: failure in processing system parameters
LRM-00109: could not open parameter file '/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/dbs/initTEST.ora'
starting Oracle instance without parameter file for retrieval of spfile
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===============
RMAN-03002: failure of startup command at 07/08/2010 20:45:19
RMAN-04014: startup failed: ORA-04031: unable to allocate 111264 bytes of shared memory ("shared pool","unknown object","sga heap(1,0)","KEWS sesstat values")
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