Security Checklist: 10 Basic Steps to Make Your Database Secure from Attacks
(Doc ID 1545816.1)
Last updated on SEPTEMBER 25, 2018
Applies to:Oracle Database - Enterprise Edition - Version 22.214.171.124 to 126.96.36.199 [Release 8.1.7 to 12.1]
Oracle Database - Standard Edition - Version 188.8.131.52 to 184.108.40.206 [Release 8.1.7 to 12.1]
Information in this document applies to any platform.
This article provides a quick checklist to help enforce database security.
It serves as a starting point to help DBAs address basic security risks, and provides pointers to further reading and additional discussion.
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In this Document
|Step 1: Change passwords for SYS and SYSTEM|
|Step 2: Lock, expire, and change passwords for default or unused accounts|
|Step 3: Restrict access to the Oracle home and installation files|
|Step 4: Review database user privileges|
|Step 5: Revoke privileges from PUBLIC where not necessary|
|Step 6: Protect the data dictionary from unauthorized users|
|Step 7: Set security related parameters to their recommended values|
|a. remote_os_authent = false|
|b. sec_case_sensitive_logon = true|
|c. global_names = true|
|d. unset parameter utl_file_dir|
|Step 8: Protect listener and network connections|
|Automatic instance registration and CVE-2012-1675|
|Encrypt sqlnet connections using network encryption.|
|Step 9: Protect the database host|
|Step 10: Check Oracle websites for Security Alerts and critical patches|
|Other Items to Consider|
|Online Discussion (My Oracle Support Community)|