How to Configure the SQL*Net Layer for Remote OS Authentication and Windows Native Authentication on a Windows Platform in a Two-Tier Environment
(Doc ID 371110.1)
Last updated on DECEMBER 24, 2018
Applies to:Oracle Net Services - Version 18.104.22.168 and later
Oracle Provider for OLE DB - Version 22.214.171.124 and later
Oracle Data Provider for .NET - Version 126.96.36.199 and later
Oracle ODBC Driver - Version 188.8.131.52.0 and later
Microsoft Windows (32-bit)
Microsoft Windows x64 (64-bit)
***Checked for relevance on 24-Dec-2018***
To explain how to connect to an Oracle database from a client without specifying a password while using the operating system as the authentication mechanism rather than the database.
This is the process by which a user does not directly enter a username or password from the client application but rather sends a "/" in place of the username and password. For example, if you wanted to connect with this type of authentication from SQL*Plus you would do the following:
SQL> SHOW user
USER is "MyOSUsername"
The Oracle networking software can be configured to invoke this authentication process one of two different ways depending on the setting of the SQLNET.AUTHENTICATION_SERVICES parameter in your SQLNET.ORA file on both the client and server.
In the example above we can see that the operating system's username, MyOSUsername, is the actual user which has connected to Oracle. Depending on some additional settings discussed later in this article you will see that this name can take on various forms.
Username & Password Requirements
The following table shows the Username and Password requirements to properly invoke this type of authentication from various interfaces.
|SQL*Plus||/||omitted (if specified, a syntax error occurs)|
|Oracle ODBC Driver||<blank>||omitted (if specified, it will be ignored)|
|Microsoft ODBC for Oracle||<blank>||omitted (if specified, ORA-01017)|
|Microsoft ODBC for Oracle||/||omitted (if specified, ORA-01017)|
|Oracle Provider for OLE DB||/||omitted (if specified, it will be ignored)|
|Microsoft OLE DB Provider for Oracle||/||omitted (if specified, it will be ignored)|
|Oracle Data Provider for .NET||/||omitted (if specified, it will be ignored)|
|Microsoft .NET Managed Provider for Oracle||/||omitted (if specified, it will be ignored)|
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In this Document
|Username & Password Requirements|
|Oracle Authentication Methods|
|Remote OS Authentication|
Windows Native Authentication
Authentication Methods Matrices
Remote OS Authentication Matrix
|Windows Native Authentication Matrix|
How to Check and/or Change the Values of the Parameters in the Authentication Methods Matrices
|Receiving an ORA-01017 with Windows Native Authentication|
Using Windows Native Authentication with Domains
Unexpected "/" for Username Sent to Database from Client